What is a callus?
Callus is thickening of the skin in response to continual pressure and or friction applied to the feet. It is the body’s natural way of protecting itself against trauma. Most minor calluses are asymptomatic but when a large callus develops it can cause pain and tissue destruction. It is most common on the top of the toes, soles of the feet and around the heels. If callus is not routinely managed then it leads to tissue break down which may result in amputation.
Signs & Symptoms of Callus:
- A thick rough area of skin on the foot or toes
- A hard-raised lump or bump on the foot
- Dry, flaky or waxy appearance of skin
- A yellow-ish discoloured presentation of skin
Causes of callus:
Callus on the feet usually develops in response to excess pressure or friction. Typically they develop over bony areas e.g. toes or ball of the foot. This can be attributed to ill-fitting footwear, poor foot mechanics or genetics.
Treatment of callus:
Our podiatrists are highly skilled using specialised instruments to remove this callus. This process is painful and very effective. We then apply medicated foot creams that will aid in reducing the cracking and break down of this callus between appointments. Callus can also be managed via off-loading modalities e.g. orthotics, this will correct your foot mechanics and re-distribute pressure on the feet.